School Namesakes

  • Bailey Middle School
    Edward Latta Bailey 1872-1934. Bailey, a Winona native, served as superintendent of Jackson Public Schools for 32 years. A graduate of Mississippi College, he taught 10th grade at Jackson Graded School and served as an assistant professor at Millsaps College from 1894 to 1900. He was elected superintendent of Jackson Public Schools in 1900. He attended graduate schools at University of Virginia, University of Chicago, Harvard, and New York University. MC conferred on him the degree of Doctor of Laws in 1926.

    Baker Elementary School
    Quintard Baker 1879-1956. The Hazlehurst native attended the University of Chicago and Millsaps College. In 1937, she received the Bachelor of Science degree from Peabody College. She did graduate work at the University of Wisconsin and the University of Colorado. She taught in the public schools of Cypremort, La., and in Hazlehurst and Wesson. She taught in Jackson at Power and Barr, and later became principal at Barr.

    Barr Elementary School
    Thomas Palmer Barr 1857-1926. The Jackson native served as a JPS trustee and became secretary of the Board in 1907. He was later postmaster of Jackson.

    Bates Elementary School
    Gladys Noel Bates 1920-2010. A native McComb, Mississippi, Bates is an African-American civil rights pioneer and educator who led legal action for salary equality for African American teachers and principals in the 1950s. The case was a landmark and forerunner for school desegregation cases of the 1950s. The fallout from her action forced Bates and her family to leave Mississippi. She and her husband moved to Denver, Colorado, where she received numerous awards for her achievements as an educator and community leader. She was the only living school namesake on opening day at Bates Elementary on September 14, 2010. She passed away one month later on October 15, 2010.

    Blackburn Middle School
    William W. Blackburn 1873-1957. A native of Port Gibson, Blackburn attended Natchez, Hampton and Benoit Colleges. He served as teacher of mathematics at Alcorn and as teacher and principal in the public schools of Claiborne, Covington, and Grenada counties for more than 20 years. In 1918, he organized and served as principal for the first county training school of blacks in rural Mississippi near Mount Olive. In 1925, he was appointed the Rosenwald Agent in Mississippi by the state Department of Education. In the position he traveled widely, endeavoring to improve education opportunities for black pupils. As an organizer and president of the Mississippi Teachers Association, Blackburn devoted more than 30 years to the organization, as its executive secretary and editor of its official journal.

    Boyd Elementary School
    Mary Lee Boyd 1874-1949. The French Camp native graduated from Central Mississippi Institute and taught at Lenago, Madison County, Starkville, and Aberdeen. In 1913, she came to Central High School in Jackson, where she taught history until 1945.

    Bradley Elementary School
    Ollie Mae Hemphill Bradley 1872-1948. The Byram native graduated from Shuqualak College and began her teaching career in Stone College, Meridian. In 1908, she became a sixth grade teacher at Lee School in Jackson.

    Brinkley Middle School
    Samuel Manual Brinkley 1878-1946. The Jackson native attended Tougaloo College and Campbell College. He was principal at schools in Crystal Springs, Utica, and Collins. He taught at Alcorn, and returned to Jackson as assistant principal of Robertson. He later served as teaching principal of the first organized junior high school program for black pupils in the Jackson Public Schools.

    Brown Elementary School
    Deva Lincoln Brown 1881-1952. A Lexington native, Brown graduated from Jackson State in 1935. Her first teaching experience was in Holmes County. She began teaching in the Jackson Public Schools as a first grade teacher at Jim Hill, where she taught for 15 years. Later, she transferred to Reynolds Elementary.

    Callaway High School
    Robert Moody Callaway 1902-1962. A Lafayette County native, he began his career teaching Choctaw Indians in the mountains of McCurtain County, Okla. He taught at Independence. Before assuming duties as principal of Liberty Grove School, later H.V. Watkins Elementary in Jackson, he taught at Darling in Quitman County and Pocahontas in Hinds County. He was principal at Watkins from 1936-1956.

    Cardozo Middle School
    Thomas W. Cardozo 1838-1881. Cardozo was born in Charleston, SC, to a freeborn African American and a Jewish Journalist. After he was married, he moved to Vicksburg, Mississippi, where he became involved in building up the education, economics, and political power of African Americans in Mississippi. He was the first African American to serve as superintendent of education for the state of Mississippi. As state superintendent, he was interested in the education of all children even though the public schools were segregated. The statewide adoption of uniform textbooks was a reform that he supported. After serving as state superintendent, he moved to Massachusetts where he died in 1881.

    Casey Elementary School
    Hattie Aileen Casey 1894-1959. The Hollandale native was educated at Hillman and Mississippi Colleges and did graduate work at the University of Alabama, Millsaps, Peabody, Belhaven and Columbia University. She began her teaching career at Friar's Point. In 1921 she began teaching at Power, retiring in 1959.

    Chastain Middle School
    James Garvin Chastain Jr. 1892-1937. Chastain, the son of Baptist missionaries, spent his first 16 years in Matehuala, Mexico. He attended Mississippi Heights Academy at Blue Mountain. After graduating from Mississippi College in 1915, he became the superintendent of the high school in Derma. After World War I, he went to Eupora as superintendent and later became superintendent of Leland Consolidated School. In 1933, he became JPS superintendent. During his administration, the Jackson Municipal Boys' Band was organized and the Reserve Officer Training Corps was established at Central.

    Clausell Elementary School
    Odel Clausell 1907-1952. A native of Hazlehurst, Clausell attended Tougaloo and received her bachelor's degree from Tuskegee Institute and her master's from Indiana University. She began her teaching career at the Smith Robertson School in Jackson in 1929 and was later transferred to the Martin School.

    Davis Elementary School
    Jefferson Davis 1808-1889. Kentucky native Jefferson Davis attended Transylvania University in Kentucky and graduated from the U.S. Military Academy in 1828. Davis was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1845 and served in the Senate from 1847 to 1851. After serving as Secretary of War, he returned to the Senate, from which he resigned when Mississippi seceded from the Union. He served as president of the Confederacy during the Civil War. His retirement was spent at Beauvoir, his home near Biloxi, where he wrote the Rise and Fall of the Confederacy.

    Dawson Elementary School
    Georgia Beatrice Dawson 1902-1962. Dawson, a native of Jackson, graduated from Tougaloo Academy in 1924 and began her teaching career in the Canton Public Schools, moving to Lanier High in 1928. She received her Bachelor of Arts degree from Tougaloo College in 1954. She taught at Smith Robertson School from 1934 until her retirement in 1961.

    Duling School
    Lorena Duling 1859-1949. Duling, a Tennessee native, taught in Paris, Texas, for five years before coming to teach grades one through eight in the present Central High building in Jackson. In 1905, she became principal of Davis School and served there for 36 years. She was the first principal in Jackson to provide free lunches for poor children. This she did with her own funds until the Board of Trustees approved a school lunch program.

    Enochs School
    Isaac Columbus Enochs 1852-1919. Enochs was born near Crystal Springs, March 7, 1852, the oldest of ten children. He received his education in the rural schools by great personal sacrifice due to limited educational opportunities. Isaac C. Enochs' early business activities began with the operation of several sawmills in Copiah and Pike Counties. After moving to Jackson in 1888, he acquired and operated Enochs Lumber Company and the Edwards Hotel. He became interested in the development of the Jackson Public Schools. For sixteen years he was a member of the Board of Trustees, nine of which he served as president of the Board (1900-1901 and 1903-1911). In 1911, when he was no longer a patron of the schools, the Board requested him to continue his services one more year in an advisory capacity to assist in the building program authorized by the Board. The school closed in 1981 and the building is currently being used to house JPS administrative offices.

    Forest Hill High School
    No namesake.

    French Elementary School
    Emma French 1876-1928. French, a native of Jackson, was one of five in the first graduating class of the Jackson Graded School. She began 37 years of teaching in 1891 as an eighth grade instructor for JPS. She taught first grade at Poindexter from 1900 to 1928.

    Galloway Elementary School
    Charles Betts Galloway 1849-1909. A Kosciusko native, Galloway graduated from Ole Miss in 1868 and earned a doctor of divinity degree there in 1882. He served as pastor of several Methodist churches in Mississippi and was appointed a bishop at age 36. He raised $50,000 to match an equal amount offered by major R.W. Millsaps to establish a college for young men in Jackson. He was made president of the Board of Trustees of Millsaps College for life. At the time of his death, he was president of the Board of Trustees of Vanderbilt University.

    George Elementary School
    James Zachariah George 1826-1897. The Monroe County native studied law and by special act of the legislature was admitted to the bar prior to his 20th birthday. Following military service in the Mexican War, he was appointed in 1854 as reporter of the U.S. High Court of Errors and Appeals. He was a member of the Secession Convention in 1861. In the Confederate Army, he attained the rank of Brigadier General. He chaired the Democratic Executive Committee from 1875-1876. In 1878, he was appointed judge of the Mississippi Supreme Court and was Chief Justice from 1879 to 1881. In February 1881, he was elected to the U.S. Senate where he served until his death.

    Green Elementary School
    Emma Gertrude Green 1877-1946. A native of Corinth, Green attended Millsaps, Alabama, Ole Miss, the University of Chicago, and State Teachers College at Memphis. Prior to employment in Jackson as first-grade teacher at the Poindexter School, 1913-1914, she taught in Corinth, Port Gibson and Greenwood. In 1915, she moved to Davis School, then switched to Power the next year, where she taught until retirement in 1945.

    Hardy Middle School
    John Crumpton Hardy 1864-1938. The Newton County native received A.B. and M.A. degrees from Mississippi College. In 1898 he received the LL.B. and in 1904 the LL.D. from Millsaps Law School. He taught at Carrollton before his appointment as Superintendent of the Jackson Public Schools in 1891, where he served for 10 years. He later became president of Mississippi A&M, now Mississippi State. In 1912, he accepted the presidency of Baylor College for Women.

    Hughes Field
    James Hall Hughes 1926-1964. The Walthall County native was an outstanding football and track star in Crystal Springs. After serving two years in the Philippines during World War II, he re-enrolled at Copiah-Lincoln Junior College and later graduated from Mississippi College, now the University of Southern Mississippi. He taught at Meadville and was principal in Centreville before coming to Jackson in 1960 as a teacher-coach at Central. Coach Hughes died of a heart attack during the Central-Murrah football game on October 6, 1964. Hughes Field is named in his honor.

    Isable Elementary School
    Emmalee Isable 1882-1939. The Vicksburg native attended Haven Institute (1912-1914) and the University of Chicago (1920). In 1934, she received a B.A. from Jackson College. From 1902 to 1912 she taught fifth, sixth and seventh grades in the public schools in Vicksburg. At Hill, she taught second and fourth grades from 1921-23 and third grade from 1923-36. She was transferred to the Reynolds School in 1936 and taught third grade until her death.

    Jim Hill High School
    James Hill died 1901. He was born to slave parents, and little is known about his childhood. Prior to the Civil War, he lived in Holly Springs. In 1871, he was given a seat in the Mississippi Legislature. Two years later, he was elected Secretary of State of Mississippi. He also served as Collector of Internal Revenue in Mississippi and Registrar for the Land Office at Jackson.

    John Hopkins Elementary School
    No namesake.

    Johnson Elementary School
    Mary Stewart Johnson 1871-1944. The Madison County native graduated from Jackson College in 1891 and received a B.A. in 1935. She taught in Amite County, Holmes County, Pike County and C.M.&I. College in Jackson. In 1920 she was employed by JPS as a first-grade teacher at Hill. She taught primary grades at Martin from 1922-1944.

    Key Elementary School
    Mary Belle Key 1878-1951. An Edwards native, Key was educated at Peabody, the University of Chicago, Millsaps and Mississippi Southern. She taught at Farr School in Hinds County, Bolton, Brownsville, and the Mississippi School for the Blind. In the Jackson district, she taught at Central, Davis and Poindexter. She served as principal at Duling from 1941 to 1947.

    Kirksey Middle School
    Henry J. Kirksey 1915-2005. A native of Lee County, Mississippi, Kirksey was an outspoken civil rights activist and one of the first two African American men elected to the Mississippi Senate after the Reconstruction era in Mississippi’s history. The election of more than 600 African Americans to public office in the state can be credited in part to Senator Kirksey’s service as a plaintiff, expert witness, and community organizer. He was largely responsible for bringing the state of Mississippi into compliance with the 1965 Voting Rights Act. His work also led to the City of Jackson changing its form of government and the adoption of single-member legislative districts in the state government of Mississippi. Later in his life, Kirksey continued his advocacy work and was an adjunct professor at Tougaloo College, where he lived on campus. He and his wife, Audrie Mann Kirksey, raised three children in Jackson, Mississippi.

    Lake Elementary School
    Viola Ensminger Lake 1866-1947. A Monroe, La., native, Lake received her college degree from Minden, La. As a memorial to her husband, William Watts Lake, Lake presented to Poindexter-Enochs Junior High School the first well-equipped library in the Jackson Public Schools. Prior to her death in 1947, she had established 11 W.W. Lake Memorial Libraries in the elementary schools of the system and had given a substantial fund, the income from which was to be used for obtaining a collection of Southern literature for Central. She bequeathed the major part of her estate of approximately $5,000,000 to establish and maintain libraries in the elementary and junior high schools.

    Lanier High School
    William Henry Lanier 1851-1929. Lanier was born a slave in Huntsville, Alabama in 1851. He attended Tougaloo College, Oberlin College and Fisk University and received his B.A. degree from Roger Williams University. For six years, he was president of Alcorn A&M. He taught in Forest, Winona, Black Hawk, Carrollton, Yazoo City and Jackson. He served as principal of the Robertson School from 1912-1929.

    Lee Elementary School
    Robert E. Lee 1807-1870. Lee, one of the great generals in history, was a Virginia native. He was graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, the second in rank in his class. In 1852, he became superintendent of the Academy. When the Civil War broke out, he was tendered the command of Federal forces but refused and offered his services to his native state. After the war, he served as president of Washington College - later renamed Washington and Lee University.

    Lester Elementary School
    Laura Rebecca Lester 1889-1944. The Jackson native attended Industrial Institute and College for Women in Columbus (now Mississippi University for Women), Whitworth College in Brookhaven, the University of Chicago, Millsaps, Ole Miss, and Peabody. She taught at Poindexter and George schools and later served as principal of Poindexter.

    McLeod Elementary School
    Clara James McLeod 1903-1960. The native of Florence attended Millsaps, Belhaven and Mississippi State College for Women and did graduate work at Millsaps, Tulane, Peabody, Colorado, UCLA and MC. She taught in Picayune, Cleveland and Ackerman. In Jackson, she taught at Barr, Duling and McWillie.

    McWillie Elementary School
    Nannie Compton McWillie 1857-1939. A native of Holly Springs, McWillie moved to Jackson with her family when her father was appointed Superintendent of the Mississippi Insane Asylum. In 1875 she graduated as valedictorian of Central Female Institute, which later became Hillman College and then merged with Mississippi College. She married Dr. James McWillie, the son of Governor William McWillie, and gave birth to six children. In 1890 when her husband died, she began a 40-year teaching career in Jackson. She first taught at the Central School, where she remained until 1907 when she was transferred to the Davis School. As a third grade teacher at Davis, she was a member of the school's first faculty. She taught there until her retirement in 1930.

    Marshall Elementary School
    Bessie Nelson Marshall 1885-1959. The Jackson native attended Industrial Institute and Norman College, now MUW. She taught at Pisgah, Poindexter and Davis. In 1949, she taught sixth grade at Watkins. In 1955, she transferred to the office of elementary school librarians, where she worked until retirement in 1955.

    Morrison Academic Advancement Center
    Mary Lottie Williams Morrison 1882-1956. The Forest native graduated from Jackson College in 1936. She taught at Robertson and Reynolds and served as principal at Martin from 1941 until 1954.

    Murrah High School
    William Belton Murrah 1852-1925. The Pickensville, Alabama, native attended Southern University (now Birmingham-Southern) in Greensboro, Alabama. In 1887, he received a doctor of divinity degree at Centenary College in Jackson, La., and in 1897 he received the LL.D. degree from Wofford College in South Carolina. He served as pastor of Methodist churches in Oxford, Winona and Aberdeen. From 1886 until 1890, he served as vice-president of Whitworth College at Brookhaven. He was first vice president of Millsaps from 1892 to 1910. In 1910, he was elected Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South.

    Newell Field
    Harvey Thornton Newell 1881-1955. The Camp Hill, Alabama native, founder of Jackson Paper Company, was president of JPS Board of Trustees from 1933 to 1938. He served as president of the Jackson Chamber of Commerce in 1930. He was instrumental in organizing the Jackson Boys' Band and in promoting the work of the YMCA, Red Cross, and Boy Scouts, was president of the Jackson Kiwanis Club and member of the Board of Stewards of Galloway Memorial Methodist Church. Newell Field was named in his honor.

    North Jackson Elementary School
    No namesake.

    Northwest Jackson Middle School
    No namesake.

    Oak Forest Elementary School
    No namesake.

    Pecan Park Elementary School
    No namesake.

    Peeples Middle School
    Pinckney Washington Peeples 1835-1896. The North Carolina native was a graduate of the literary department of the University of Virginia and studied at Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia, Pa. He practiced medicine in Carroll County. He helped to organize and served as president of the Jackson State Bank. He owned the Edwards Hotel, served as a member and as president of the Board of Trustees of Belhaven, was president of the Jackson Board of Trade, and served as a member of the first Board of Trustees of the school district.

    Powell Middle School
    John Henry Powell 1876-1964. Powell, a Summit native, graduated from Alcorn in 1899. He was principal in Edwards and taught math at Alcorn. He led the County Training School in Mound Bayou and taught at Lanier and Jones Elementary.

    Power APAC/Elementary School
    John Logan Power 1834-1901. Power, a native of Tipperary, Ireland, owned and published The Clarion in Jackson. In 1887, he and R.H. Henry of Brookhaven consolidated their two papers, the Jackson Clarion and the Brookhaven Ledger, into The Clarion-Ledger. In 1896 he sold his interest in the paper to become Secretary of State of Mississippi.

    Provine High School
    John William Provine 1866-1949. The Cole's Creek native graduated from Ole Miss in 1887 and took a degree in chemistry in 1888. He won his Ph.D. from the Universities of Munich and Goettingen in Germany in 1893. He taught chemistry at Mississippi College, and in 1895-96 was elected chairman of the faculty, and in 1896-97 he served as acting president of MC and served until his retirement in 1932. He was mayor of Clinton 1902-1906.

    Raines Elementary School
    Mary Ida Raines 1861-1935. The Rankin County native attended Brandon Female College, Peabody and Tulane. She taught at the Engine House in Jackson, and was later transferred to a first-grade assignment at Central. From 1902 to 1908 she taught in the Hinds County Schools and at George School from 1908 until 1933.

    Siwell Road Middle School
    No Namesake.

    Smith Elementary School
    Golden Nathaniel Smith 1881-1948. Smith, born in Terry, attended public schools in Hinds County and graduated from Tougaloo College in 1903. In that same year, he began teaching in the public schools of Hinds County, where he taught until 1917, with exception of two years (1909-1911) during which he served as principal of a school at Hazlehurst. He taught at Robertson School, Martin School and Lanier. He retired in 1947.

    Spann Elementary School
    Susie Pearl Spann 1888-1956. Spann, a native of Rankin County, graduated in the Central High class of 1905 and Millsaps in 1909. She did graduate work at the University of Chicago, Columbia, Ole Miss, Tulane and Millsaps. She taught at George, Poindexter, Central and Murrah.

    Sykes Elementary School
    Minnie Dameron Sykes 1886-1950. The Jackson native graduated from Central in 1902 and attended Converse College in South Carolina, Ole Miss, Tennessee and the University of Chicago. She taught at Lee School and Central in Jackson, and in Greenwood, Meridian and Gulfport.

    Timberlawn Elementary School
    No namesake.

    Van Winkle Elementary School
    No namesake.

    Walton Elementary School
    William Howard Walton 1897-1958. The Hinds County native earned his bachelor of arts degree from Jackson State in 1927 and a second BA from Lane College in Jackson, Tenn. He taught music and social studies for four years at Dyersburg, Tenn., high school. He then returned to Mississippi to serve as principal of a rural elementary school at Silver Creek. He also taught the fifth through the eighth grades. From there, he came to the JPS where he taught social studies at Jim Hill School, then situated at 1060 Lynch Street.

    Watkins Elementary School
    Henry Vaughn Watkins 1888-1944. Watkins, a Lorman native, was educated in the Jackson Public School District, Millsaps and Ole Miss. He practiced law in Jackson for over 30 years. He became a member of the Board of Trustees for Jackson Public Schools in 1916 and served the Board as president from 1920-1933. He was instrumental in the establishment of the Hinds Junior College at Raymond.

    Whitten Middle School
    Alfred T. Whitten 1884-1959. Whitten, born near Blue Mountain, attended public schools in Tippah County and Mississippi Heights Academy of Blue Mountain. As early as 1903, Whitten began teaching in the rural schools of Union County. He served as a teacher and principal at the Mississippi Baptist Orphanage in Jackson. He graduated from Mississippi College in 1915. He taught in Jackson at Galloway, Enochs, and George schools, and in Adams, Lincoln and Sunflower counties.

    Wilkins Elementary School
    Iola Tapley Wilkins 1866-1951. She was born in Jackson and attended Fair Lawn Institute for Girls. She began her teaching career at Central School in 1889 and transferred to Lee School in 1902. She was the first principal of Galloway and later taught at Duling and Lee. As principal of Galloway, she organized a parent-teacher association, thus becoming the founder of the first state-affiliated parent-teacher association in the Jackson Municipal Separate School District.

    Wingfield High School
    Oscar Houseworth Wingfield 1871-1953. A Kentucky native, Wingfield attended Kentucky Wesley College. He taught in Kentucky, Tennessee and Alabama, before coming to Jackson in 1908 as principal of Central High.

    Woodville Heights Elementary School
    No namesake.

Last Modified on July 17, 2017